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In A Horse and Two Goats by R.K. Narayan we have the theme of confusion, tradition, culture, identity, arrogance and conflict. Narrated in the. A Horse and Two Goats. R. K. Narayan Author Biography. NewDay USA VA Refinance – Save Thousands Per Year. Refinance up to % of your home. A HORSE AND TWO GOATSby R. K. Narayan, “A Horse and Two Goats,” by R. K. Narayan appeared, in a somewhat different form, in The New Yorker in.

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Indeed, on one level this tale provides the non-Indian reader with a glimpse of the type of poverty and hardship that must be endured by the millions of Indians who, like Muni, have barely enough food to keep them alive:. Indian culture is more than five thousand years old.

A Horse and Two Goats: Stories by R.K. Narayan

Finally, he was able to quit his newspaper job and become a full-time fiction writer. In a deceptively simple, linear narrative Narayan unfolds the story of Muni, an old goatherd. He was sometimes compared to the American writer William Faulkner, whose novels were also grounded in a compassionate humanism and celebrated the humour and energy of ordinary life.

Cata rated it it was amazing Apr 07, India remained a British colony untilwhen a long campaign of peaceful civil disobedience led by Mohandas Gandhi persuaded Britain to return control of the country to its own people. Each speaks at length about his own life and local calamities, with no awareness that the other hears nothing.

Facebook Twitter Email Print R. He was raised a Brahmin, a member of the highest Hindu caste, and he had enjoyed a good education and a life of relative ease. Shlok rated it liked it May 02, Muni, the central character of the story, is a typical Narayan hero who has achieved little and who feels that he has been dealt with unsympathetically by the world around him and by fate.

Muni launches into a long explanation of his innocence of whatever crime the man is investigating, and the American asks questions about the horse statue, which he would like to buy.


Muni heads for naayan highway, where he grazes his two useless goats.

A Horse and Two Goats

Open Preview See a Problem? But Narayan’s purpose as a storyteller has never been to educate the non-Indian reader about India. The shopman is a moody man who has given Muni food on credit in the past, narayyan who has been pushed past his limit. Apr 07, McNatty rated it really liked it.

The conflict is between two likeable characters, or two worthy naryan, not between good and evil. Humanities Press,p. For Narayan, who looks at the world through the lens of his Hindu faith, weakness and strife are to be accepted and transcended, not railed against. Which may be the point that Narayan is attempting to make.

Muni responds with the only English he knows: There are no discussion topics on this book yet. The uneducated Muni tries to tell him the significance of the horse statue, but the American sees it only as a living room decoration. Twwo learned most of his lore from other men, including the story behind the statue: At the end of the nineteenth century, when Muni and goatd wife were wed, it was still common for a woman to be married off at a very young age, often to an adult man whom she had never met.

Sadly, her early death kept them from growing old together. The TV may have to be shifted. Goags Muni drives his goats out to the statue in the beginning of the story, he reflects on his age.

Narayan in no way condemns the man for being wealthy, or for not stepping tdo to aid the poor Muni, but he wants the two men and their relative wealth to be clear, so the reader can evaluate the relationship between wealth and worth.

Is the narrator simply not interested in her diet, or does she skip the rj meal to leave gorse for Muni? A Horse and Two Goats: Narayan narayn admired as a writer whose novels and stories are remarkably consistent in goatz.


He wrote for more than fifty years, and published until he was eighty seven. Who would if a wife did what she did? He has published more than thirty novels and collections of short stories and essays, and was still producing new work well into his eighties.

His very casualness emphasizes the gap between them. In “A Horse and Two Goats” the seemingly timeless routine is interrupted when a car stops and a “red-faced foreigner,” an American whose vehicle has run out of fuel, asks for directions to the nearest gas station. Mar 12, SnOw P Sa3m rated it really liked it. When he started out, she would put in his hand a packed lunch, once again the same millet cooked into a little ball, which he could swallow with a raw onion at midday.

Lakshmi is one of the most popular goddesses in India, and countless people pray to her for wealth and good luck.

A Horse and Two Goats by R. K. Narayan, |

Cite Post McManus, Dermot. This is where the comedy of misunderstanding takes over. To ask other readers questions about A Horse and Two Goatsplease sign up.

In keeping with his usual narrative formula, Narayan carefully follows Muni as he goes about his daily, frequently humiliating existence—eating his meager breakfast, visiting the local shopkeeper in a typically unsuccessful attempt to get a few items of food on credit, and then taking his two scraggy goats to graze near the foot of the horse statute at the edge of the village.

This is where the comedy of naraayn takes over. Muni has exhausted his credit at every shop in town, and today, when he asks a local shopman to give him the items his wife requires to cook the drumsticks, he is sent away humiliated.